Thematic framework

 

This call covers two themes: marine biodiversity & agricultural transition (this one in partnership with Agropolis Foundation), and funds at least one project per theme.

The complete call description can be downloaded here

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The two themes of the call will benefit from multi- and interdisciplinary approaches, in particular by opening up to the approaches of the human and social sciences.

 

Theme 1: State and future of marine biodiversity in a time of global change

The oceans alone cover more than 70% of the planet's surface and account for more than 90% of the habitable volume for the living world. As one of the Earth's main carbon stocks, the oceans absorb more than 90% of the heat generated by human activities and thus play a major role as a climate regulator, having absorbed more than a third of anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

In addition, billions of people around the world depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for food resources. This is not without consequences for ocean biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems. Marine biodiversity is today under threat due to numerous pressures: chemical and physical pollution on land and at sea, overexploitation of resources (fisheries and aquaculture), the effects of climate change, etc.

However, knowledge about the ecology of marine environments, marine biodiversity and ecosystem services is still incomplete, in particular because observations and experiments are complex and costly (for example, it is estimated that only 10% of marine species have been described to date). Therefore, it appears necessary to consolidate our knowledge of marine biodiversity and the functioning of marine and coastal ecosystems (species, habitats, ecosystems) in the context of global changes, particularly with regard to three major issues: deep oceans (meso- and bathypelagic and benthic biodiversity) and seamounts, governance outside waters under national jurisdiction, and land-sea continuum or coastal interface environments.

Projects may focus on these three issues, with the exception of subjects relating to the enhancement and/or improvement of resource exploitation systems.

 

Theme 2 in partnership with AGROPOLIS Foundation: Solutions for agro-ecological transition that conserve biodiversity

Agriculture plays a major role for our societies by providing for the food needs of populations. At the same time, it is also one of the main human activities that threaten biodiversity at all scales (from genetic diversity to species and ecosystem diversity) through the high rates of land use change, intensive use of chemical inputs, large-scale mechanization, etc. It tends to accelerate global changes, in particular through the significant production of greenhouse gases. Unsustainable agricultural practices also threaten the sustainability of agriculture: degradation of soil fertility, loss of pollinators, decrease in the genetic diversity of cultivated and farmed species, etc.

In this context, the question arises of the transition towards sustainable agricultural systems, based on ecological processes and biodiversity, generating less impact on biodiversity and ecosystems, reconciling production and economic performance, also preserving landscapes, and strengthening ecosystem services other than those of supply (water and air purification, recycling of organic matter, carbon capture, etc.) that support human well-being and socio-cultural identities.

A systemic vision of the agro-ecological transition is thus encouraged in the proposals, in particular by addressing the issue of interactions between agriculture and its related issues (e.g. integration of food issues, the relationship between agricultural and non-agricultural biodiversity, the question of preserving existing sustainable practices, or sectoral interactions (health, water, energy, etc.)).

Projects should address this integrated approach to agro-ecological transition options or scenarios, their links and consequences on biodiversity, the different functional facets and socio-economic aspects of agricultural transition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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